Towards more Coherence in the European Union: Is there an East-West Divide to bridge?

Fifteen years have passed since the 2004-enlargement round to Central and Eastern Europe. But the Union today has not become as strong as it should have, following its historical step. Multiple crises, both internal and external, have shattered the confidence many EU citizens had placed in the Union and given Euroscepticism a new impetus throughout Europe. Brexit illustrates the challenge the EU faces in its plainest form: the EU cannot thrive in the absence of a shared vision. How to accommodate the different visions held by the Member States? How to increase coherence in the European Union, when its premises are questioned by rise of populism? Is there an East-West divide to bridge with the Visegrad countries? What are its roots, beyond the migration crisis, and its consequences for the pursuit of reforms in Europe? Where do East-West visions differ most, with regards to the widening or deepening of the Union, and where do they converge? And how much unity is there within the East and the West on the most sensitive topics?

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